Type 1: Typical compound Nouns – STRESS ON FIRST WORD

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That does not mean that people who are Band 6 or 5 for vocabulary have absolutely no knowledge of all the words (word combinations) shown on this page – most people reading this page would recognize at least one or two examples on this page that they already know. And it does not mean that people who are at those levels should not study this page. I suggest that everybody at least learn the basic idea of the two different stress patterns. Those people who are aiming at 7.0  for Speaking (for example, those who got 6.5 in a previous test but need 7) should spend more time studying the meaning and usage of many or most of the word combinations here than people who are not quite at that level yet.

If you you at a much lower level than 6.5, I don't suggest you try to study all of the examples on this page. Instead, you should just study the meaning and usage of some new expressions from this page. Remember, you should progress in your English study in a step-by-step manner. If you are at a lower level and you learn the meaning and usage of everything on this page, your vocabulary will be unbalanced and it won't be enough to give you a 7 for vocabulary; it would be better for you to spend most of your time building up your knowledge of the more basic words before you try to build up a strong vocabulary of idiomatic words. Besides, many of the expressions on this page are not used very often –  they are here to indicate the principle of the two different pronunciation stress patterns.

[Note that this applies only when two words are combined to form a noun. Verbs that are formed in this way generally have the stress on the second word, such as "to overtax" and "to overthrow".]



Similar to Type 2 stress pattern


Type 1 stress pattern

to back up

a backup

to bail out

a bailout

to beat up 

a beat-up   

to blast off

a blastoff   

to blow out

a blowout or a blow-out

to break in

a break-in    

to break away

a breakaway 

to break down

a breakdown 

to break out a breakout

to break through

a breakthrough

to break up

a breakup

to build up

a build-up

to burn out

a burnout

to bust up

a bust-up

to cast away

a castaway

to cast off

a cast-off


a catch-all

to cave in

a cave-in

to change over

a changeover

to check in

a check-in

to check out

a checkout

to check up

a checkup

to clamp down

a clampdown

to clean out a cleanout

to clean up

a cleanup 

to come back

a comeback  

to come down

a comedown

to come on

a come-on 

to count down

a countdown

to cover up

a cover-up

to crack down

a crackdown

to cut away

a cutaway

to cut back

a cutback

to cut down a cut-down

to cut off

a cutoff

to draw back

a drawback

to drive in a drive-in
to fall back on a fallback
to fall freely a freefall

to fall out

 fallout (non-count)

to fall short a shortfall

to feed back

feedback (non-count)

to flare up

a flare-up

to fly over

a flyover

to follow up

a follow-up

to get away

a getaway

to go ahead

a/the go-ahead

to hand out

a handout

to hand over

a handover


a hangover

to hold out

a holdout

to kick back

a kickback (colloq.)

to know how


to lay by

a lay-by

to lay out

a layout

to let up

a let-up; (“no let-up”)

to lift off

a liftoff

to lock out

a lockout

to look in

a look-in

to look out a lookout

to make over

a makeover

to make up

makeup or make-up (non-count)

to match up

a match-up

to pick up

a pickup


a playoff

to print out

a printout

to roll out

a rollout

to run away

a runaway

to run off 

runoff (non-count)

to run up

a/the run-up

to sell off

a sell-off

to sell out

a sell-out

to set back

a setback

to set up

a setup

to shake up

a shake-up

to shoot out

a shootout

to show down

a showdown

to shut down

a shutdown

to shut out

a shutout

to sit in

a sit-in

to slow down

a slowdown

to stand in

a stand-in

to stand by

a standby

to stand off

a stand-off

to stick up

a stickup

to stop over

a stopover

to stow away

a stowaway

to take off

a takeoff

to take over

a takeover

to tie in

a tie-in

to trade off

a trade-off

to trade in

a trade-in

to turn off

a turnoff

to turn out

a turnout

to turn over

(a) turnover

to walk out a walk-out

to walk over

a walkover

to walk through a walkthrough

to warm up

a warm-up

to work out a workout

to write off

a write-off

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