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Type 1: Typical compound Nouns Ė STRESS ON the FIRST WORD

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EATER

a beefeater

a fire-eater

a honey eater

a man-eater

a meat eater

an anteater

 

EFFECT

a cumulative effect

a domino effect

after-effects

a knock-on effect

a placebo effect

a ripple effect

a side effect

a snowball effect

sound effects

a synergistic effect

an after-effect

the Doppler effect

the greenhouse effect

 

EFFORT(S)

a fund-raising effort

a research effort

relief efforts

 

END

a bookend

 

ENGINE

a diesel engine

a fire-engine

a petrol engine (U.S. = a gasoline engine)

a search engine

a steam engine

 

ENTHUSIAST

a computer game enthusiast

a keep-fit enthusiast

a model-aircraft enthusiast

a sports enthusiast

a swimming enthusiast

 

EQUIPMENT

container handling equipment

drilling equipment

fire fighting equipment

mountaineering equipment

office equipment

photography equipment

recording equipment

rescue equipment

sports equipment

teaching equipment

 

EROSION

soil erosion

water erosion

wind erosion

 

ESTATE

a housing estate

 

EVENT

a diving event

a field event

a fund-raising event

a media event

a news event

a sporting event

a sports event

a track event

 

EXAM(INATION)

a bar exam

a breast exam

a civil service exam

a medical examination

a music exam

a placement exam

a qualifying exam

an entrance exam

 

EXCHANGE

a currency exchange

a heat exchange

a money exchange

a stock exchange

a telephone exchange

 

EXPERIENCE

a learning experience

life experience

work experience

 

EXPEDITION

a fishing expedition

 

EXPERT

a computer expert

a gardening expert

a handwriting expert

a marketing expert

an efficiency expert

 

FACE

a clock face

a coal-face

a moon-face

a poker face

baby face

bald face

big face

black face

clown face

typeface

a rockface

 

FACILITY (often also in plural)

a child minding facility

a commercial facility

a first-aid facility

a food preparation facility

a laundry facility

a manufacturing facility

a parking facility

a recreation facility

a research facility

a sewerage facility

a study facility

a tourist facility

a washing facility

an entertainment facility

an exercise facility

an irrigation facility

banking facilities

 

FACTOR

a conversion factor

a load factor

a risk factor

a safety factor

a weighting factor

an inhibiting factor

the chill factor

the wind factor

the wind chill factor

 

FACTORY

a brick factory

a chemical factory

a clothing factory

a paper factory

a toy factory

 

FAILURE

a brake failure

a business failure

a crop failure

an engine failure

kidney failure

heart failure

liver failure

a power failure

 

FAIR

a ceramics fair

a food fair

a recruitment fair

a temple fair

a trade fair

 

FALL

a footfall

a free fall

a rock fall

a shortfall

a waterfall

landfall

nightfall

rainfall

snowfall

 

FAN (1)

a basketball fan

a boxing fan

a football fan

a Madonna fan

a Real Madrid fan

 

FAN (2)

a ceiling fan

a computer fan

a cooling fan

a radiator fan

a wall fan

an exhaust fan

 

FANATIC

a fitness fanatic

a football fanatic

 

FARE

a thoroughfare

carfare

fanfare

warfare

welfare

 

FARM

a chicken farm

a dairy farm

a deer farm

a fat farm  

a fish farm

a health farm

a pig farm

a sewage farm

a stud farm

a tree farm

a wind farm

an ant farm

an ostrich farm

an oyster farm

the "funny farm" (offensive)

 

FARMING

dairy farming

(See above)

 

FATHER

forefathers  

a foster father

a godfather

a grandfather

a stepfather

 

FEE

a brokerís fee

a contingency fee  

a finders fee

a license fee

a management fee

a service fee

a transfer fee

a tuition fee

an entrance fee

an underwriting fee

 

FEED

a drip-feed

chickenfeed

animal feed

 

FELLOW

a bedfellow

a teaching fellow  

 

FESTIVAL

a beer-drinking festival

a film festival

a music festival

 

FEVER

cabin fever

hay fever  

swine fever

 

FIELD (1)

a battle field

a coalfield

a cornfield

a cricket field

a football field

a force field

goldfields

a landing field

a melon field

a paddy field

a playing field

a rice field

a soccer field

a sports field

a tomato field

a wheat field

an airfield

an ice field

an oilfield

killing fields

 

FIELD (2) = area of work/activity

the education field

the entertainment field

the music field

the restaurant field

the science field

the teaching field

 

FIGHT

a bullfight

a catfight

a cockfight

a dogfight

a fire fight

a fist fight

a gang fight

a gunfight

a knife fight

a pillow fight

a prizefight

a sword fight

 

 

FIGHTER / FIGHTING

a bull fighter

a crime fighter

a firefighter

a prize-fighter

a street fighter

firefighting

 

FILM

a feature film

a horror film

 

FIRE

artillery fire

a bonfire

brushfires

a bushfire

a campfire

a ceasefire

crossfire

a forest fire

gunfire

a wildfire

 

FIRM

a brokerage firm

a consulting firm

a law firm

a publishing firm

an accounting firm

an investment firm

 

FISH

a catfish

a codfish

a crayfish

a cuttlefish

a dogfish

a flatfish

a goldfish

a jellyfish

a silverfish

a starfish

a stonefish

a swordfish

an angelfish

 

FISHING

fly fishing

 

FLIGHT

a spaceflight

a connecting flight

a test flight

 

FLOOR

a dance floor

 

FLOW

a cashflow

a counterflow

a lava flow

an air flow

blood flow

traffic flow

 

FLOUR

corn flour

wheat flour

 

FLOWER

a cauliflower

a sunflower

a wildflower (Type 3)

 

FLU

bird flu

swine flu

 

FLUID

body fluid

brake fluid

cleaning fluid

 

FLY

a blowfly

a butterfly

a dragonfly

a firefly

a fruit fly

a gadfly

a horsefly

a house fly

a sandfly

 

FODDER

cannon fodder

cattle fodder

 

FOLD

a billfold

a blindfold

a centerfold

a sheep-fold

 

FOLK

kinfolk

menfolk

townsfolk

womenfolk

 

FOOD

baby food

cat food

comfort food

convenience food

dog food

health food

junk food

pet food

plant food

rabbit food

seafood

snack food

soul food

 

FORCE

a counterforce

a driving force

a labor force

a peacekeeping force

a police force

a sales force

a strike force

a task force

a work force

an air force

an expeditionary force

security forces

 

FORK

a tuning fork

 

FORM (1)

an art form

a landform

a life form

a waveform

 

FORM (2)

an application form

 

FOUNTAIN

a drinking fountain

 

FRAME

a walking frame

 

FREAK

a control freak

 

FRENZY

a buying frenzy

a feeding frenzy

 

FRESHENER

air freshener

 

FRIEND

a boyfriend

a fair-weather friend

a girlfriend

a lady friend

a pen friend

a school friend

 

FROG

a bullfrog

a tree frog

 

FRONT

a/the battle front

a beachfront

a shirtfront

a shop front

 

FRUIT

breadfruit

grapefruit

kiwi fruit

passion fruit

star fruit

 

GALLERY  

an art gallery

a shooting gallery

 

GAME

a ball game

a board game

a boyís game

a card game

a casino game

a computer game

a gambling game

a girlís game

a guessing game

a mind game

an adventure game

an internet network game

a war game

a word game

party games

a/the waiting game

 

GANG

a chain gang

a pressgang

 

GAP

a credibility gap

a gender gap

a generation gap

a spark-plug gap

a trade gap

an income gap

 

GARDEN

a beer garden

a flower garden

a rock garden

a roof garden

a rose garden

a vegetable garden

 

GAS

coal gas

exhaust gas

laughing gas

marsh gas

mustard gas

nerve gas

rotten egg gas

shale gas

tear gas

 

GATE

a barrier gate

a boom gate

a floodgate

a lock gate

a logic gate

a security gate

a sluice gate

a/the starting gate

a water gate

 

GAUGE

a fuel gauge

a pressure gauge

a rain gauge

 

GEAR

headgear

landing gear

 

GESTURE

a hand gesture

a suicide gesture

a threat gesture

 

GIRL

a call girl

a chorus girl

a cover girl

a dancing girl

a good-time girl

a flower girl

a homegirl

an office girl

a paper girl

a serving girl

a showgirl

a working girl

a schoolgirl

 

GLASS

(Both a drinking container and the material)

a beer glass

a field glass

a looking glass

a magnifying glass

a shot glass

safety glass

a spyglass

a water glass

a wine glass

an eyeglass

an hourglass

fibreglass  (= fiberglass)

 

GLASSES

field glasses

opera glasses

reading glasses

safety glasses

sunglasses

 

GOAT

a billy goat

a mountain goat

a nanny goat

a scapegoat

 

-- GOER / -- GOERS

concert-goers

a partygoer

a churchgoer

a beachgoer / beachgoers

a fairgoer / fairgoers

a moviegoer

a racegoer

a restaurant-goer

 

GOWN

a ball gown

a dressing gown

a hospital gown

a night gown

a surgical gown

a wedding gown

 

GRADUATE

a college graduate

a high school graduate

a university graduate

 

GREEN

a bowling green

 

GROUND

a battle ground

a breeding ground

a burial ground

a dumping ground

a feeding ground

a fair ground

a hunting ground

a meeting ground

a show ground

a stamping ground

a testing ground

a training ground

 

GROUP

a blood group

a discussion group

a news group

a peer group

a pressure group

a reading group

a support group

a tour group

a user group

a workgroup

a working group

an age group

 

GROWER

a fruit grower

a grape grower

a vegetable grower

an apple grower

 

GROWING

rice growing

 

GUARD

the Coast Guard

a bodyguard

a chin guard

a fireguard

a lifeguard

a handguard

a mouthguard

a security guard

 

GUEST
a house guest
 
GUIDE

a tour guide

a user guide

an entertainment guide

 

GUM

bubble gum

chewing gum

 

GUN

a flashgun

a Gattling gun

a grease gun

a handgun

a machine gun  

a shotgun

a spray gun

a starting gun

a stun gun

an air gun

 

HAIR

camel hair

cat hair

dog hair

horse hair

nose hair

 

HALL

a bingo hall

a concert hall

a dance hall

a dining hall

a meeting hall

a memorial hall

a music hall

an entrance hall

an exhibition hall

 

HAMMER

a claw-hammer

 

HAND (1)

(a) backhand

longhand

shorthand

the hour hand

the minute hand

the second hand

 

HAND (2)

a cowhand

a deck-hand

a farm-hand

a factory hand

 

HAT

a bowler hat

a cowboy hat

a hard hat

a panama hat

a sun hat

a top hat

 

HAZARD

a fire hazard

a health hazard

 

HEAD

a beachhead

a blackhead

a blockhead (colloquial)

a bone head (colloquial)

a bridgehead

a bulkhead

a butthead (colloquial)

a cylinder head

a figurehead

a fishhead

a hammerhead

a hogshead

a hothead

a letterhead

a nail head

a snakehead

a warhead

a well-head

an arrowhead

an ax head

an egghead (colloquial)

 

HELMET

a crash helmet

a safety helmet

 

HILL

an anthill

a dunghill

a foothill

a molehill  

 

HOCKEY

ice hockey

field hockey

 

HOLD

a chokehold

a foothold

a handhold

a household

 

HOLDER

a bondholder

a candleholder

a cigarette-holder

a glass-holder

a householder

a landholder

a/the leaseholder

a penholder

a placeholder

a policyholder

a potholder

a record-holder

a shareholder / shareholders

a stakeholder

a stockholder

a ticket holder

a titleholder

an officeholder

 

HORN

a bullhorn

 

HOLE

a blow hole

a buttonhole

a cubbyhole

a foxhole

a keyhole

a loophole

a manhole

a rabbit hole

a sinkhole

a waterhole

 

HOME

a children's home

a convalescent home

a funeral home

a holiday home

a mental home

a motor-home

a nursing home

a rest home

a retirement home

a starter home

an old people's home or old people's home

 

-- HOOD

a falsehood

a godhood

a knighthood

a neighborhood

adulthood

babyhood

boyhood

brotherhood

childhood

fatherhood

livelihood

motherhood

sisterhood

statehood

a likelihood

a livelyhood

 

HOOK

a billhook

a crochet hook

a fishhook

a grappling hook

a meat hook 

 

HORN

a bullhorn

a foghorn

a ramís horn

a shoehorn

a bullock horn

ox horn

rhinoceros horn

 

HORSE

a carthorse

a clothes horse

a draught horse

a hobby horse

a pack horse

a racehorse

a rocking horse

a sawhorse

a seahorse

a shire horse

a workhorse

a vaulting horse

 

HOSE

a fire hose / fire hoses

a water hose

 

HOSPITAL

a field hospital

a maternity hospital

a mental hospital

a teaching hospital

a womenís hospital

 

HOUND

a basset hound

a bloodhound

a foxhound

a greyhound

an afghan hound

an autograph hound

 

HOUR

a man-hour

a waking hour

news hour

the lunch hour

the peak hour

the rush hour

zero hour

 

HOURS

business hours

licensing hours

office hours

opening hours

waking hours

visiting hours

working hours

 

HOUSE

a bathhouse

a beach house

a beer house

a boarding house

a boat house

a bunkhouse

a charterhouse

a clearing house

a clubhouse

a coffeehouse

a counting house

a courthouse

a customs house

a dog house

a doll house

a farmhouse

a flophouse (colloq)

a gatehouse

a greenhouse

a guardhouse

a guest house

a hothouse

a lighthouse

a lodging house

a madhouse

a poorhouse

a powerhouse

a printing house

a roadhouse

a rooming house

a schoolhouse

a slaughterhouse

a teahouse / teahouses

a townhouse

a warehouse

a whorehouse

a workhouse

an alehouse

an almshouse

an art house

an assembly house

an opera house

an outhouse

the Whitehouse

 

HUNT

a fox hunt

a scavenger hunt

a treasure hunt

a witch hunt

(see below)

 

HUNTER

a bargain hunter

a bounty hunter

a bird hunter

a deer hunter

a fortune hunter

a headhunter

a job hunter

a souvenir hunter

 

HUNTING

fox hunting

house hunting

 

INDUSTRY

the armaments industry

the auto industry

the aviation industry

the banking industry

the construction industry

the entertainment industry

the film industry

the fishing industry

the insurance industry

the mining industry

the oil industry

the shipping industry

the steel industry

the telecommunications industry

the/a service industry

the tourism industry

the transportation industry

 

IN-LAW

a brother-in-law

a daughter-in-law

a father-in-law

a mother-in-law

a sister-in-law

a son-in-law

 

INSPECTOR

a health inspector

a safety inspector

a tax inspector

a weapons inspector

 

INSURANCE

accident insurance

fire insurance

health insurance

life insurance

travel insurance

 

INTERVIEW

a job interview

a telephone interview

 

IRON

a curling iron

a soldering iron

 

ISSUE/ISSUES (= QUESTION)

a human rights issue

a legal issue

a safety issue

agricultural issues

an economic issue

an environmental issue

 

JAM

a log-jam

a paper jam

a traffic jam

an ice jam

 

JUICE

apple juice

carrot juice

fruit juice

gastric juice

lemon juice

orange juice

pineapple juice

tomato juice

vegetable juice

 

JUMP/JUMPING

bungee jumping

a broad jump

a high jump

a long jump

a ski jump

show jumping

a triple jump

a water jump

 

KEEPER

a beekeeper

a bookkeeper

a gamekeeper

a goalkeeper

a housekeeper

a lock-keeper

a scorekeeper

a shopkeeper

a timekeeper

a zookeeper

 

KEEPING

bookkeeping

peace-keeping

(see above)

 

KEY

an Allen key

an answer key

a car key

a door key

an ignition key

a/the master key

a passkey

a skeleton key

 

KICK

a conversion kick

a corner kick

a drop kick

a goal kick

a horse kick

a karate kick

a penalty kick

a place kick

a side kick

 

KILLER

a pain killer

weed killer

 

KIT

a bee sting kit

a conversion kit

a development kit

a drum kit

a first-aid kit

a fishing kit

a repair kit

a sales kit

a sewing kit

a starter kit

a tool kit

 

KNIFE

a boning knife

a bread knife

a carving knife

a clasp-knife

a fruit knife

a hunting knife

a kitchen knife

a pocket knife

a pen knife

a scaling knife

a table knife

a vegetable knife

 

KNOT

a bowknot

a slipknot

 

LABEL

a certification label

a clothing label

a fashion label

a record label

a shipping label

a warning label

 

LADY

a cleaning lady

a landlady

 

LAMP

a blowlamp

a floor lamp

a headlamp

a reading lamp

a table lamp

an arc lamp

 

LAND

a dreamland

a fairyland

a fantasyland

a fatherland  

a headland

a highland

a homeland

a lowland

a motherland

a wasteland

a wetland

cropland

Disneyland

Dixieland

farmland

grazing land

woodlands

the borderland

the Holy Land

grasslands

 

LANE

a bus lane

a bicycle lane

a sea lane

a shipping lane

 

LANGUAGE

a computer language

a programming language

body language

machine language

sign language

 

LASH

a backlash

a whiplash

an eyelash / eye lashes

 

LAUNCHER

a grenade launcher

a missile launcher

a rocket launcher

a torpedo launcher

 

LAW

bankruptcy law

business law

case-law

copyright law

divorce law

election law

labour law

libel law

marriage law

patent law

taxation law

tort law

licensing laws

 

LAYER

a bricklayer

a carpet layer

an egg layer

a minelayer

a pipe layer

 

LEADER

a bandleader

a cheerleader

a gang leader

a ringleader

an expedition leader

business leaders

the Opposition leader

 

LEAF

a bay leaf

a cloverleaf

a fig leaf

a flyleaf  

a maple leaf

a palm leaf

a tea leaf

a tobacco leaf

   

LEAK

a gas leak

a water leak

 

LEARNING

distance learning

 

LEAVE

maternity leave

 

LEG

a chair leg

a chicken leg

a frog leg

a pants leg

a table leg

 

LENDER

a money lender

 

LENS

a camera lens

a contact lens

a filter lens

a wide-angle lens

 

LETTER

an air letter

a chain letter

a begging letter

a cover letter = a covering letter

a form letter

a love letter

a news letter

a poison pen letter

a rejection letter

a voice letter

 

LEVEL 

a pollution level

a spirit level

a sugar level

cabinet level

eye level

ground level

knee level

ministerial level

sea level

the danger level

the radiation level

the subsistence level

the water level

 

LICE

head lice

woodlice

 

LICENSE

a business license

a driving license (Br. "licence"; U.S. "license")

a driverís license

a fishing license

a hunting license

a marriage license

a pilotís license

an export license

an import license

 

LIFE (1)

a dogís life

a half-life

a shelf-life

campus life

city life

country life

military life

nightlife

student life

the afterlife

village life

 

LIFE (2)

animal life

marine life

plant life

 

LIFE (3)

one's love life

one's sex life

one's social life

 

LIFT

a chair lift

a forklift

 

LIGHT

a brake light

a flashlight

a floodlight

a footlight

a/the half-light

a headlight

a highlight

a parking light

a reversing light

a reading light

a stop light

a street light

a tail light

traffic lights

a warning light

an indicator light

candlelight

daylight

firelight

moonlight

starlight

sunlight

 

LIMIT

a height limit

a speed limit

a time limit

a trade limit

a weight limit

an age limit

 

LINE

a baseline

a beeline

a bloodline

a branch line

a breadline

a bus line

a by-line

a chat line

a chorus line

a clothes line

a coastline

a deadline

a dividing line

a firing line

a fishing line

a guideline

a hairline

a headline

a hotline  (also Type 3)

a landline

a lifeline

a pipeline

a power line

a punch line

a railway line

a shipping line

a shoreline

a sideline

a streamline

a subway line

a supply line

a train line

a tram line

a tow line

a waiting line

an airline

an assembly line

an outline

the finish line

the finishing line

the starting line

the touch line

the waterline

 

LINER (1)

a cruise liner

a jetliner

 

LINER (2)

a helmet liner

a pool liner

a trash can liner

eye liner

 

LINK

a business link

a cuff-link

a rail link

 

LIST

a book list

a checklist

a guest list

a hit list

a mailing list

a reading list

a shopping list

a waiting list

a watch list

a wish list

an honours list

 

LOAD

a caseload

a cartload

a shipload

a truckload

a workload

 

LOAN

a bank loan

a bridging loan

a car loan

a fixed-rate loan

a home loan

a student loan

an interim loan

 

LOCK

a bicycle lock

a combination lock

a dead lock

a door lock

a mortise lock

a padlock

a safety lock

a snap lock

a steering wheel lock

a wheel lock

a window lock

an air lock

an arm lock

gridlock

 

LOT

a parking lot

 

LOTION

baby lotion

body lotion

sun lotion

suntan lotion

 

LOVER (= enthusiast)

an animal lover

an art lover

a beer lover

a bird lover

a book lover

a butterfly lover

a cat lover

a chocolate lover

a coffee lover

a dog lover

a music lover

a nature lover

a tea lover

meatlovers

movie lovers

 

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