Updated July 6, 2019


Return to Index of Vocabulary Lists



Index of this Page


109.  Visitors

110.  Early

111. The Internet

112.  Play

113.  Historic Buildings

114.  Encouragement

115.  Water Sports

116.  Relics




109.  Visitors


110.  Early


111.  The Internet


112.  Play

When children play, they …  

The Meaning of “play” –  

When the verb, "play" is used as a one-word verb (not a two-word verb such as "play tennis" or "play chess"), it almost always means anything and everything that CHILDREN do, either alone or with other children, when they are given the freedom to choose what to do. 

For example –  

Question: “Where are the kids?”

Answer: “They're playing outside.”


Extra Vocab


113. Historic Buildings


114. Encouragement


115.  Water Sports

These are mainly recreational sports, although some of them are competitive sometimes, such as surfing contest. 

·        surfing

-         surfboard riding

-         body surfing

·        sailing

-         one-man, small sailboats

-         ocean-going yachting

·        sailboarding

·        water skiing

·        jet-skiing

·        scuba diving

·        canoeing / kayaking

·        fishing

-         with a line

-         with a fishing rod

·        scuba diving

·        snorkelling

·        N.B. I suggest not including “swimming” as a recreational water sport. It is a competitive water sport at the Olympic Games etc.


List of Water Sports from Wikipedia

 In the water

Artistic or Synchronised swimming consists of swimmers performing a synchronised routine of elaborate moves in the water, accompanied by music.


    Diving, the sport of jumping off springboards or platforms into water

    Modern pentathlon includes épée fencing, pistol shooting, swimming, a show jumping course on horseback, and cross country running

    Rescue swimming is swimming with the goal to rescue other swimmers

    Snorkeling is the practice of swimming at the surface (typically of the sea) being equipped with a mask, fins, and a short tube called a snorkel.

    Swimming, including pool swimming and open water swimming

    Synchronized diving

    Triathlon, a multi-sport event involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance events, usually a combination of swimming, cycling and running

    Water aerobics is aerobics in the water.

    Water polo is a sport of two different teams played in water with a ball.

 On the water

    Barefoot skiing is waterskiing without skis

    Boating is the use of boats

    Boat racing is the use of powerboats to participate in races

    Bodyboarding is similar to surfing, but the board is smaller and the person (normally) lies down on the board

    Cable skiing is similar to wake boarding but with cables for artificial maneuvering


    Canoe polo

    Dragon boat racing teams of 20 paddlers racing

    Fishing is the recreation and sport of catching fish



    Jet Skiing



Kiteboarding is an action sport combining aspects of wakeboarding, snowboarding, windsurfing, surfing, paragliding, skateboarding and sailing into one extreme sport. A kiteboarder harnesses the power of the wind with a large controllable power kite to be propelled across the water, land, or snow.

Compared to the other sailing sports, kiteboarding is both among the less expensive (including equipment) and the more convenient. It is also unique in that it harvests the wind energy from a much larger atmosphere volume, comparing to sail size.





Pics from Wikipedia and Jesse_Richman_by_MakenaStockMedia



Kitesurfing on flat water using a kite for propulsion


    Paddleboarding a person is propelled on a surf style board using a long paddle

    Parasailing where a person is towed behind a vehicle (usually a boat) while attached to a parachute

    Picigin, kicking around a small ball on shallow waters.


    River trekking


    Sailing using the wind for propulsion

    Sit-down hydrofoiling is riding on the water with a hydrofoil attached to a ski

    Skimboarding is a boardsport in which a board is used to ride on an incoming wave

    Skurfing is where the participant "skurfs" behind a boat on a surfboard

    Standup paddleboarding (SUP boarding) a type of surfing in which the surfer stands on their boards and uses a paddle to propel themselves in the water

2014_Starboard_SUP from - North Freo Standup Surf Shop


    Surfing downhill on ocean waves or artificial waves in a wave pool

    Wakeboarding is similar to water skiing, but using only one board attached to the feet

    Wakeskating is similar to wakeboarding, but the board is not attached to the feet

    Wakesurfing is a mix between wakeboarding and surfing

    Waterskiing is using skis to slide over the water while being pulled by a boat or other device

    White water rafting

    Windsurfing on flat water using wind for propulsion in combination with sails

    Yachting sailing on yachts, daysailing, cruising or Yacht racing

 Under water

Recreational diving

    Cave diving

    Deep diving


    Ice diving



    Underwater archaeology, particularly activity involving wreck diving

    Underwater photography, including underwater videography, is photography done under water. Numerous contests worldwide are arranged every year. Digital cameras have revolutionized how many divers participate.

    Underwater videography

 Underwater sports

    Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)



    Sport diving (sport)


    Underwater football

    Underwater hockey is a game played underwater which has some similarities to hockey. Two teams of players use short wooden curved sticks to move a heavy puck across the pool bottom to the opponents' goal.

    Underwater ice hockey

    Underwater orienteering

    Underwater photography (sport)

    Underwater rugby is a game played underwater which has some similarities to rugby football. Two teams try to score goals by sending a slightly negatively buoyant ball into the opponents' goal placed on the bottom of the pool.

    Underwater target shooting


116.  Relics

The word relic might be used in Part 3 topics about history such as, "Do you think people who damage historical relics should be put in prison?"

From Wikipedia 

In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial. Relics are an important aspect of some forms of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Shamanism, and many other religions. Relic derives from the Latin reliquiae, meaning "remains", and a form of the Latin verb relinquere, to "leave behind, or abandon". A reliquary is a shrine that houses one or more religious relics.


From the Cambridge Dictionary

An object, tradition, or system from the past that continues to exist:


Example: During the dig, the archaeological team found some relics from the Stone Age.

Example: The country's employment system is a relic of the 1960s when jobs were scarce.


a part of the body or something that belonged to a holy person:


Example: These bones are the relics of a 12th-century saint.


an object from the past, esp. one that has no modern use but is often valued for its meaning or importance in history:


Example: The ship was a relic of the Spanish-American War.


A relic is also a part of the body or clothing of a saint (= holy person), or something that belonged to a saint.