ielts-yasi.englishlab.net          

Updated Dec. 6, 2013

 

VOCABULARY LISTS (Page 3)

Note that if you incorrectly or inappropriately use what you think is an example of "high level" vocabulary, you might actually lose points for vocabulary rather than gain points. This is mostly because communication can be damaged, or even broken, by such errors. In other words, using a simple word or repeating the same word is often better than using an "impressive" word incorrectly. Clear communication is the Number 1 priority in the IELTS test!

To Vocabulary Lists Page 1

To Vocabulary Lists Page 2

To Vocabulary Lists Page 4

Index

30. Time Management

31. Adventurous People

32. Relaxing

33. Tradition

34. Change

35. Non-Electrical Equipment in the Home

37. Bags

38. Types of Cards

39. Types of Vehicles

40. Humour

41. Politeness

42. Toys (Now on Page 4)

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30. Time Management

 

punctual

punctuality

to plan ahead

on time

on schedule

a deadline

timely

a "rush job"

at short notice

to be behind time

to delay

to put off doing s’thing

to leave s’thing till the last moment

 

to procrastinate

to postpone

overdue

the due time

the due date

prompt, promptly

to fall behind

to be behind

to rush

to hurry

urgent

to cram (for an exam)

to be pressed for time

 

a crash study program

a timetable

a schedule

to fritter away one’s time

a short-term goal

a long-term goal

goal-setting

a priority

high priority

low priority

efficient, inefficient

organized

flexible

 

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31. Adventurous People

The following words could be used when describing people who participate in extreme sports or other examples of adventurous people. Use a good dictionary (not just an electronic dictionary) to see the full meaning, with examples, and usage of these words.

 

  Adjectives

 Nouns

adventurous

a daredevil

fearless

a “showoff

bold

 

reckless

 

rash

 

foolhardy

 

daring

 

 

 

 

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32. Relaxing

The following words might be useful when talking about the topic of relaxation.

 Adjectives

 Nouns

Verbs

Phrases & Expressions

relaxing

a rest

to relax

"A change is as good as a rest."

relaxed

a nap

to rest

for recreation

restful

a siesta

to nap

for pleasure

leisurely

a massage

to sleep

for enjoyment

peaceful

meditation

to unwind

for leisure

soothing

stress

to refresh oneself

"to recharge my batteries"

stressful

pressure

to meditate

 to take my mind off my studies (or, off my work)

 

tension

to stretch out

 

 

light exercise

to take it easy

 

 

soothing music

to revitalize oneself

 

 

a warm bath

to relieve stress

 

 

 

to take a nap = to have a nap

 

 

 

to stretch the legs (= go for a walk)

 

    to "chill out" (This is slang but ok to use with younger examiners. Pronounce it clearly.)  

 

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33. Tradition

 Adjectives

 Nouns

Verbs

Other

traditional a tradition to observe a custom  
customary a custom to follow a custom  
ceremonial a ceremony to bow  
religious a ritual    
superstitious a rite    
formal a practice    
conventional a convention    
ancestral folklore    

religious

a superstition  

 

 

a belief  

 

 

a myth  

 

 

a legend  

 

 

a festival  

 

 

 

 

 

       

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34. Change

The topic of "change" is a very frequent topic throughout the IELTS Speaking and Writing tests.

Most of the verbs in this list can be changed into nouns, often by adding "ion" to the verb.

Similarly, many of the verbs can be changed to become adjectives by adding "ed", for example, "improve" can become "improved".

Make sure you use a dictionary to see examples of how any new words are used. Using an impressive word in the test but using it incorrectly often causes you to lose points for vocabulary rather than gain points. This is because the listener (the examiner) might become confused about what you mean – clear communication is the Number 1 thing in the IELTS Speaking and Writing tests!

 

 Adjectives

 Nouns

Verbs

Verbs (continued)

Other

better

progress

to grow

to restrict

"A change is as good as a rest".

worse

a development

to increase

to suppress

"Variety is the spice of life."

former

a metamorphosis

to rise

to abolish

go out of fashion

current

a transition

to expand

to renew

go out of style

modern

the rate of change

to extend

to rejuvenate

to die out (Some old traditions have "died out".)

fashionable

 

to broaden

to renovate

exponentially (exponential growth)

up-to-date

 

to widen

to revamp

 to “change for the better”

contemporary

 

to lengthen

to streamline

 to “change for the worse”

a radical change

 

to intensify

to recondition

behind the times = no longer fashionable

a gradual change 

 

to magnify

to refurnish

 

an imperceptible change 

 

to decrease

to rehabilitate

 

    to fall to regenerate  
    to contract to reform  

 

 

to shorten

to reverse

 

 

 

to reduce

to improve

 

 

 

to fluctuate

to develop

 

 

 

to vary

to mature

 

 

 

to move

to modernize

 

 

 

to relocate

to enhance

 

 

 

to transport

to advance

 

 

 

to shift

to ameliorate

 

 

 

to divert

to alleviate

 

 

 

to substitute

to relieve

 

 

 

to transform

to correct

 

 

 

to replace

to deteriorate

 

 

 

to convert

to worsen

 

 

 

to build

to age

 

 

 

to construct

to decay

 

 

 

to demolish

to degenerate

 

 

 

to fix

to aggravate

 

 

 

to repair

to exacerbate

 

 

 

to update

to impair

 

 

 

to alter

to corrupt

 

    to modify to discontinue  
    to limit to abandon  
    to contain    

 

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35. Non-Electrical Equipment in the Home

Here, "equipment", "devices", "tools", "gadgets" all mean, more or less, the same thing.

In the Kitchen

 a measuring cup  a bottle opener  a frying pan  a meat cleaver
 a ladle  a corkscrew  a saucepan (U.S. pronunciation is also acceptable: saucepan)  a cutting board
 a spatula  a nutcracker  a vegetable knife  a dish rack (a dish drainer)
 a can opener  a wok (锅)  a vegetable peeler  a timer
 a water dispenser  a serving spoon  a strainer  

In the Bathroom

 a bathroom scale (= a set of bathroom scales)  a toothbrush holder    
 a toilet plunger  a razor    
 a toilet brush  a hairbrush    
 a toothbrush      

In the Study

 a stapler (a stapling machine)  a pencil sharpener    
 a ruler  a pair of scissors    
 a hole punch  a magnifying glass    

Cleaning Equipment

 a broom  a feather duster    
 a dustpan (and hand brush)      
 a mop      
 a mop bucket      

Exercise Equipment

 an exercise bicycle  a dumbbell    
 a rowing machine  a barbell    
 a treadmill  a skipping rope    
 a set of weights      

Handyman Tools

 a hammer  a ladder  a tape measure  
 a screwdriver  an adjustable spanner (U.S. = an adjustable wrench)    
 a pair of pliers  a saw    
 a set of jeweler's screwdrivers  a hacksaw    

Other

 a sewing needle      
 a torch (U.S. = a flashlight)      
 a coat hanger      
 a pair of nail clippers      

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37. Bags

There are many types of bags. Below are some of the types of bags that you might want to mention in the speaking test.

Try to pronounce the compound nouns (the words that are composed of two nouns) with the stress more on the first word than on the second word. Mimic the recordings to learn this.

 

a 'handbag  (The bag that most women carry.)

a purse (Usually a purse is a small bag that a woman uses to hold her money and she keeps it in her handbag when she is carrying her handbag. But sometimes, especially in American English, "a purse" is used to mean "a handbag".)

a 'shoulder bag

a 'backpack (A "rucksack" and a  "haversack" are words for a bigger type of backpack that people use when they are hiking and camping, although we also can call those bigger bags, "backpacks".)

a 'book bag (A book bag can be a shoulder bag or a small backpack that school children use.)

a 'briefcase (Carried by businesspeople and also by some older students.)

an 'attaché case and 'attaché case (A type of briefcase that is flatter and more solid than a briefcase and has a more squared shape than a briefcase.)

a laptop 'computer bag  (Some people use this to carry things other than their laptop computer. Or some people always carry this with them wherever they go because they take their laptop computer with them everywhere. It can hold a few extra small things besides the laptop computer.)

a 'shopping bag (and  'shopping bag) (A bag that is usually carried by a woman , especially an older woman, when she goes shopping.)

 

Some more bags are listed here: http://www.macmillandictionary.com/thesaurus-category/british/Bags-and-cases-for-carrying-possessions and on this page, http://ielts-yasi.englishlab.net/TYPE_1_PAGE_1.htm

 

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38. Types of Cards

See the long list of cards at  http://ielts-yasi.englishlab.net/TYPE_1_PAGE_2.htm#CARD Make sure you know how to pronounce these compound nouns (= two-word nouns) with the first word stressed more than the word, "card". Mimic some of the recordings.

For the Part 1 topic of "Cards", you only need to know a few of these examples. " A postcard " seems to be one of the words used in the Part 1 questions. In fact, this might be the only card that you will be asked about.

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39. Types of Vehicles

Cars

sedans

sports cars

convertibles (the roof can be retracted)

station wagons

SUV (Sports Utility Vehicle)

Off-road vehicles (similar to four-wheel-drive vehicles & SUVs)

four-wheel-drive cars

electric cars

hybrid cars

a utility = a "ute" (Australian English) = a pick-up truck in American English

 a racing car (e.g., a Formula 1 racing car)

a beach buggy

a stretch limousine

a vintage car (a car that was produced earlier than about 40 years ago, especially those cars produced in the 1920's to the 1950's.)

Trucks

Vans

Motor Homes

campers

caravans (not a self-powered vehicle)

Bicycles

mountain bikes (BMX bikes)

racing bikes

electric bicycles

fold-up bicycles

a bicycle built for two

unicycles

Motor Cycles

(Sometimes called "motor bikes" in British English)

a racing motorcycle

scooters (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scooter_(motorcycle))

electric motor cycles

sidecar (on some motor cycles)

Other Vehicles

tractors

horse-drawn carts

a rickshaw

a mini-bus

a go-cart

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40. Humour

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humor  

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comedy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laughter

(See different languages at the left-hand side of those pages)

See note about appropriate usage

 

 

(= "humor" in American spelling)

laugh, laughter

funny

homourous

amusing

wit, witty

ludricous / ridiculous / absurd / laughable

comedy (a type of performance or a type of TV show or film)

a sit-com (= a situational comedy TV show)

comedian

a jokester / a comic

a stand-up comic (performer)

cross-talk (in China)

a clown

a joke

to crack a joke / to tell a joke

a "dirty joke"

a practical joke

a gag

to jest

a pun = a play on words

satire

to satirize

a satirist

to make fun of somebody / something

a sense of humour

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 41. Politeness

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etiquette   (See different languages at the left-hand side of that page)

See note about appropriate usage

 

 

polite

courteous

courtesy

common courtesy (= everyday small acts of courtesy or politeness. Most often, these acts involve consideration of others. Examples include saying, "Thank you", "Excuse me" and greeting those we know such as saying, "Good morning". )

manners

good manners

table manners (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_manners)

well-mannered

etiquette

formal, formality

ceremony, ceremonial

custom, tradition

to bow

social status

to respect

to show respect

using honourific language (eg. in Chinese)

disrespectful

informal, casual

impolite

discourteous

rude

uncultivated, uncivilized, ignorant (related to low social class)

genteel, refined, well-bred, gentlemanly (related to higher social class)

unaffected, natural, simple

rudeness

insulting

to offend, offensive

ill-mannered

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