Updated May 23, 2020


Return to Index of Vocabulary Lists




18. Animals

19. Parks

20. Describing People

21. The Sections of a Newspaper

22. Types of Magazines

23. Law

24. Water

25. Games

26. Playgrounds

27. Cooking

28. A Sense of + noun (名词)

29. Sports Facilities


18. Animals

Major Biological Classifications of Animals


Domesticated Animals

a) Pets


  young dog = a puppy


 young cat = a kitten


 bird food: birdseed /fruit /nuts


Other Pets

b) Farmed animals

c) Work Animals


Wild Animals

a)  Endangered Animals of China

b)  Other Wild Animals in China

c)  Wild Animals in the Cities of China

The following wild animals are seen in some parts of some cities.


19. Parks


20. Describing People

The adjectives below could be used in the following sentence: "She's very _________. " Or, "She's a very _______ person." Or, "She's a very _______ type of person."

Of course, instead of, 'very' you can also use other words such as:  'quite', 'rather', 'somewhat', 'really' and, 'extremely'.

Some nouns

Internet Sites with Vocabulary for the topic of "Personality"

(There are many more sites similar to the ones shown below.);jsessionid=C287AC61DA390B3790CBA79A5DBA99E0?cc=global&selLanguage=en

Negative Personality Traits:


21. The Sections of a Newspaper

The following are the main sections that typical newspapers have.

Other sections that most often appear in weekend editions of newspapers are:


22. Types of Magazines

There are magazines for almost every topic of interest, whether a sport, hobby, general interest or a career interest.


23. Law


24. Water

Water Usage


25. Games 

Adult games

(Of course, older children also play these.)




weiqi (If you are Chinese, I suggest you use the Chinese name, not the Japanese name, 'Go'.)


Chinese checkers



pool (= "8 ball"), billiards, snooker


Some Categories of Games

ball games (These are usually called "sports" rather than "games".)

board games

table games  = tabletop games (which can include board games & card games such as poker)

computer games = electronic games

guessing games

word games

number games

party games

parlour games

gambling games

drinking games

role-playing games

Children's Games

(See also here for some traditional Chinese children's games)

Most of the games listed below are outdoor games.


Some Children's Indoor Games:

See also these websites for more vocabulary:


26. Playgrounds

A playground is a place for children to play. A "playing field", a "sports field" and a "sports ground" are completely different. Those are places for people, mostly adults, to play sport.

Basic List

a swing

a slide = a slippery dip

a carousel

a see-saw

a jungle-gym

a set of monkey bars

a sandpit


The following internet articles will show you some good vocabulary (along with pictures) for the topic of children's playgrounds and playground equipment. (On the left of the wikipedia pages you will see a place to change into Chinese language if you want.)


27. Cooking

Cooking Methods

to fry

to stir fry

to deep fry

to boil

to grill

= to broil = to barbecue when done outside

to roast

to bake

(especially used for cake, bread etc. a process similar to roasting.)

to toast

(especially for slices of bread)

to stew

(= slowly cook in water a thick mixture of  ingredients such as meat and vegetables)

to steam

to poach

(to cook eggs in water)

to microwave

to simmer

to cool

to overcook, to burn

to undercook

to slow-cook





Methods of Cooking Eggs

fried eggs

scrambled eggs

(the eggs yolks are broken. mixed with the egg whites and then cooked)

poached eggs

(cooked in water)

hard-boiled eggs

(cooked in the shell)

soft-boiled eggs

(cooked in the shell)

an omelet        


Other Cooking and Food Preparation Verbs

See also the following two web pages for some pictures

to slice to dice to grate to chop to stir
to blend to sift to mash

(especially cooked vegetables such as potatoes)

to defrost

(= to thaw frozen food)

to pre-heat the oven

(for baking cakes, bread etc.)


Basic Kitchen Equipment

The following excellent webpage shows most of the words listed below, with pictures -


a kitchen cupboard an oven a stove

(gas, electric)

a microwave oven a pressure cooker
a rice cooker a steamer a deep fryer a refrigerator a saucepan
a cooking pot a strainer a roasting pan

(for a chicken etc.)

a baking tray

(for biscuits, cakes etc.)

a wok (Chinese)

= 锅

a chopping board a cutting knife a vegetable knife a meat cleaver a spatula
a wooden spoon a mixing bowl a blender a juicer

(often the same as a blender)



Basic Types of Dishes

basic meat and vegetables a rice dish a stew a soup a roast

(e.g., roast chicken, roast beef)

a salad

(mixed raw vegetables)

a vegetarian dish

(a meatless dish)

seafood a noodle soup

(a stew with noodles)

pasta, spaghetti
an egg dish noodles

(including instant noodles)

a snack

(a small amount of food to ease the hunger)

a sandwich a pizza
a roll

(a bread roll with fillings similar to a sandwich)

a pie

(with savory meat fillings etc. or sweet fillings

a hamburger a dessert

(ice cream, cake, a pudding, flavoured yoghurt, sweet biscuits, sweet pastry, fruit salad etc.)



Tastes and Similar Adjectives

sweet sour (tart) salty spicy (hot) tasty

(nice tasting, similar to delicious)


(= very tasty))


(juicy and delicious, esp. fruit and meat)


(mostly water and not much solid food e.g., soup, stew)


(not watery e.g., soup, stew)

tasteless bland

(boring taste; no strong taste)


(meat that is hard to chew)


(meat that is easy to chew)


(meat that has lots of juice; fruits)


Meats, Meat Words, Seafood


(the meat of cattle, e.g., beef steak)


(the meat of young cattle)


(pork chops etc.)

ham and bacon are preserved forms of pork


(chicken, duck, turkey etc.)


(the meat of sheep)


(the meat of young sheep, e.g. a leg of lamb)


(includes fish, shellfish etc.)

lean meat

= meat with little fat

fatty meat

= meat with a lot of fat

white meat

(poultry & fish)

red meat

(not white meat, esp. beef & mutton)

smoked meat/fish

(preserved by smoke)

salted meat/fish

(preserved by salt)


dried meat/fish

(preserved by drying)


canned meat/fish

= tinned meat/fish

a sausage a fillet of fish/meat

= a thick slice of fish/meat



Other Foods Found in the Kitchen

herbs, spices and flavourings

(including salt, pepper, sugar and vinegar)

cooking oil dried fruit pickled foods sauces


Other Vocabulary Connected with Cooking and Food Preparation

a recipe cooking instructions ingredients a measuring cup an apron
a simple dish / a simple meal an elaborate meal      


28. "A Sense of + noun (名词)"

          Note: This item (Item 28) is quite advanced.

Using the expression, "A Sense of + noun (名词)" is a variation on using adjectives to describe qualities of people (and things) or to describe feelings.

For many adjectives, there is an equivalent noun. For example, the adjective, "adventurous" has the noun form, "adventure". You can describe a person using both the adjective or the noun. The pattern is: "He is + adjective" = "He has a sense of + noun". For example, "He is adventurous" = "He has a sense of adventure".


List A) When you are describing a quality in another person or thing. For example, "He's got a good sense of humour"; or, "That play had a strong sense of pathos." (Note that we don't usually use these words to describe one's own qualities or feelings.)

List B) When you are describing your own feelings or the feelings of others. For example, "It gives me a sense of tranquility when I walk alone in the forest." Or, "To be a good soldier, you need to have a sense of patriotism." When talking about others, the examples in List B are describing both the feelings and qualities of these others.

For example, most English speakers would not say, "When she told me she got 99% in the test, I felt a sense of surprise". Instead, most English speakers would simply say, "When she told me she got 99% in the test, I was surprised" ("I was surprised when she told me she got 99% in the test.") The reason we would not say, "a sense of surprise" is that the emotion of surprise is quite simple and clear-cut. It's also possible to say, "I felt surprised" or, "I felt happy" for these simple, clear-cut emotions.

On the other hand, look at this example: "I had to kill my pet cat when she got very old and ill with cancer. But after I did it, I felt a great sense of guilt." In this example, the feelings the speaker is trying to express are deep, complex and diverse. It is possible to say, "I had to kill my pet cat when she got very old and ill with cancer. But after I did it, I felt guilty" but if you described your feeling in such a short, quick way, you would be decreasing the emphasis on the complexity and depth of your feelings.


The Lists of "A sense of + ..."

List A:












List B:










community (= community spirit)




destiny (= the belief that one is destined for greatness)

















one's own importance












the past

transformation (= change)


victory (= triumph)








autonomy (= independence)


being needed, being wanted, being loved, being appreciated, being accepted, being respected, being useful, being rejected, being judged, being laughed at, being free, being used, being trapped, being part of the community, being among friends,  etc.






dj vu


















oneness with nature









right and wrong (= morality)



the future


triumph (= victory)







29. Sports Facilities

The information here was written especially to help people answer the questions, "What sports facilities are there near where you live?" and, "What sports facilities are there at your university?"

Maybe there's a private school in your community that has a swimming pool and several tennis courts. If you, a non-student at the school, are not allowed to enter and use these facilities (even when you offer to pay), then it is not suitable to include the school's sports facilities as examples of sports facilities near where you live. Of course, you could mention these facts to the examiner and explain how these facilities exist but are not available for the public to use, and that would be suitable for a Part 3 answer but a little unsuitable for Part 1 unless you firstly address the question of facilities available to the public. Anyway, in Part 1 you probably won't have time to give such an extended and detailed example.

Some sports are done mostly for competition, such as football, basketball or tennis. This is the main group of activities that people think of when using the word, 'sport'. These competitive sports have set rules and special areas where the activity is done. 

A broader definition of 'sport' includes some physical activities that are done purely for recreation, not competition, such as hunting, fishing, or horseback riding. Most of the water sports such as scuba-diving, snorkeling, water skiing and surfing (surfboard riding) are non-competitive, although water skiing and surfing competitions are held sometimes.

The 'extreme sports' are also usually non-competitive. These sports really involve competing against oneself or against nature. Examples of these are: 'sky diving', 'white water rafting' down a fast-moving river or mountain climbing (rock climbing), such as climbing Mt. Everest (珠穆朗玛)

Some sports don't require much physical exertion but do require physical skills, for example pistol shooting. Similarly, games such as snooker (斯诺克) which are games of physical skill rather than physical exertion are usually also classified as 'sports'.

Sometimes there is a 'fine line' (= an unclear dividing line) between what is exercise and what is sport. For example, if you go to the swimming pool three times a week and swim ten laps of the pool each time, can you say that you do a sports activity? Personally, I would call it a form of exercise, not sport. (Certainly you cannot say that is 'playing a sport' because you can only 'play' a game and swimming, even in competition, is not a "game".) On the other hand, if you hit a ping-pong ball across a ping-pong table with your friend for an hour, without keeping score, then I would say you are playing a sport, even though you are not actually playing a formal, competitive game of ping-pong. 

However, even though I think swimming laps in a swimming pool is not sport, and even though very few Chinese people swim as a competitive sport, it is still suitable to call a swimming pool a 'sports facility' because in other parts of the world, a swimming pool is a place that is often used for sporting competition. For example, in Australia, every public swimming pool has a swimming club where the members hold swimming competitions against each other and against other swimming clubs.

I also would not call 'a gymnasium' a sports facility, where 'gymnasium' here simply means 'an exercise room' with weights and exercise machines. But it's probably ok to use that example in your answer, provided you communicate to the examiner the idea that, "it's not really a sports facility but more an exercise facility".

The word, 'gymnasium' can also be used to mean, 'an indoor sports arena' where sporting competitions are held that certainly is a sports facility.

a swimming pool

a basketball court

a badminton court

a tennis court

a squash court

a volleyball court

a football field

a baseball field

a hockey field

an athletics field  

a running track  

a cycling track

a golf course

a golf driving range

an archery range

a shooting range  

a shooting gallery

a) a gymnasium ( = a room for exercising, weightlifting, etc. This item is suitable if you add the fact that it's really an exercise facility rather than a sports facility.)

b) a gymnasium = an indoor stadium = a big competition room (大厅) that probably has seats for spectators and with facilities for such competitions as weightlifting, gymnastics, basketball, volleyball etc.  

a bowling alley (for ten-pin bowling)

an ice-skating rink / a roller-skating rink / a skating rink

a ski slope / a ski run / a ski resort

ping-pong tables (= table tennis tables) For example, concrete ping-pong tables in a public park.

a billiard room / a pool hall (台球室)  

a go-cart track; a go-cart course (if the general public is able to use it, even if they have to first join a club to use it.)

a skateboarding park

a mountain bike track = a mountain bike competition ground 


a stadium, a football stadium

If you are answering the question, "What sports facilities are there in your university?" then to include a stadium is suitable because that facility is used by the students in competition and for general sporting use. 

But if the question is, "What sports facilities are there near where you live?" then you need to be careful about using a stadium as an example because some big football stadiums are only used by professional football clubs and are not available to the general public as places where people can (join a club and) play amateur football, or other sports. If this is the case, these stadiums are more suitably classified as "entertainment facilities" for the general public rather than sports facilities for the general public. 

However, if the stadium is available for amateur footballers to use, then it is suitable to include it as a "sports facility near where you live". This kind of stadium would probably be owned and run by the city government, rather than by a private football club.

(I don't know about the situation in China but in most parts of the world, these big football stadiums are connected to one professional football club and this club often has a 'junior league' which is a club that boys can join in order to play competitive football. Although this is only available for a select or limited group of boys, the boys in the junior league are part of the general public and in this sense, the facility could be called, 'a sports facility for the public'.)

Similarly, the F1 racing course in Shanghai is more of an entertainment facility rather than a sports facility.


Other Sports Facilities

There are other sports facilities that exist in the community but the following descriptions are not as good as those above because the words "club", "center" etc. tend to refer more to an organization rather than a facility. And "a river", "lake" or "the ocean" are not usually used to mean "a facility" they simply refer to "places" rather than "places with special equipment".

a wushu training centre

a taekwondo (跆拳道) class

a tennis club

a rowing club

an archery club

a lake or river (for swimming, water skiing, rowing, sailing or fishing)

the ocean or a beach (for swimming, scuba diving, snorkelling, surfboard riding, jet ski riding, sailing or fishing)




Exercise Facilities

The following examples are not suitable to use if the question is, "What sports facilities are there near where you live?" As noted above, "exercise" and "sport" are not exactly the same in meaning. However, it is possible to include these examples in your answer to that question, if you communicate to the examiner that you know the difference between "exercise facilities" and "sports facilities" and you are giving an extended answer to the question. This is especially true if either of the two questions about sports facilities are used in Part 3. You are unlikely to have enough time in Part 1 for such an extended answer.

The expression, to "take exercise" is not often used in modern English. It's a little old-fashioned sounding. More natural is: to "get some exercise" or to "do some exercise".

"exercise machines in an exercise area" ( = "exercise equipment" in public parks or public exercise areas)

a gymnasium / an exercise room

a walking path in a public park

a jogging track

the steps going to the top of a big hill or a mountain (= a walkway which many people use for regular exercise, for example, old people at 6 o'clock in the mornings)

a yoga class (Yoga is classified as a form of exercise or a form of physical training rather than "a sport".)

an aerobics class (or, an aerobics group)

a 'jazz dancing' class or group (which some women join as a form of exercise)

a hiking club; a mountain trail for hiking;



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