Chinese Translation of STUDY GUIDE TO THIS WEBSITE Page 1

Translated by Nina Ni (ciervo@139.com)

 

www. ielts-yasi.englishlab.net

 

Study Guide to This Website (Page 1)

 

(You should have read the "Introduction to this Website" page before you read what is written below.)

 

How you use this website depends on how much time you have before your test. On this page, I have written suggestions for using this website for the following situations:

a) If You Have Three Days or Less Before your Test,

b) If You Have 4 to 14 days Before Your Test,

c) If You have 2 to 5 weeks Before Your Test,

d) If You have 5 to 12 weeks Before Your Test and,

e) If you have more than 3 months before your test.

Everybody, no matter which of the above groups they belong to, should be aware of when new topics are introduced into the test. If, between now and your test, you pass through one of the following three dates, then between 25% and 30% of the test questions will change: January 1, May 1, September 1. If you are in the situation where the test will change between now and your test, read this page, What Topics Should I Prepare For? and this page, If the Current Part 1 Questions are not for You.

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a) If You Have Three Days or Less Before your Test

Firstly, if you are new to this website and if you know very little about the Speaking test, you should read Speaking Test Summary, The Grading Criteria, How to Speak in Part 1, How to Study for Part 2, How to Speak in Part 2 and How to Speak in Part 3. For many people, the information in those pages is more valuable for you than actually reading about the real questions that are in use now. But you still should not spend a lot of time on those pages; just read them quickly to get some ideas or, even just quickly read the Google translation of those pages. Maybe just spend a total of 1 or 2 hours reading those pages or even less time if your test is tomorrow! If your test is tomorrow, you should just quickly skim the Google translation of those pages.

 

Most of your time should be spent just reading the questions that are listed in "Current Part 1 Questions" and "Current Part 2/3 Topics". Probably you should spend about 40% of your preparation time on Part 1 and 60% on Parts 2/3. There are so many possible questions that you only have time to prepare answers for a few questions. (And you should not 100% memorize any long answers that you prepare. Memorize just the key words and phrases and any short sentences.)

 

You should definitely have a quick look at The Introduction Phase because, even though this is not considered to be a formal part of the test, you have a 100% chance of getting those introductory questions and examiners get their initial impression of a candidate's speaking level from the way the candidate speaks in the introduction.

 

When you read the Part 1 questions, just imagine what you would say if you get each question you read. Sometimes speak an answer but you don't even have time to do that for every question; just quickly imagine.

 

However you should pay more attention to the Work/Study topic because you have a 50% chance of getting that topic. For those questions, you should speak out your imaginary answers. And you should at least have a quick read of the following pages: Your Work or Your Studies, and either Your Work or Your Studies (whichever one applies to you).

Similar to the Work/Studies topic, you have a 50% chance of getting either "Your Hometown" or "Your Home (Your Accommodation)". So spend as much total time on those two topics together as you do on the Work/Studies topic.

 

In addition to those three topics, you will get one of the other topics that are listed on the Part 1 questions page.

 

When you read the Part 2 topics, I strongly suggest that you speak answers to 3 or 4 of those topics as if you had just been given the topic in the real test. In other words, the very first time you see these 3 or 4 topics, you should spend 1 minute (and no more), thinking about what you will say, then speak your answer for between 1 and 2 minutes, preferably speaking into a tape recorder. This experience is very valuable because it will show you what it feels like to do Part 2 in the real test.

 

However, you don't have time to do that for many of the Part 2 topics. For most topics, just read the wording, read my notes if I have written notes for that topic, and imagine your answers. You don't have time to form vocabulary lists for many topics but if you do look up a word in your dictionary, be careful if it is a word that is completely new to you. You need to be correct on both the pronunciation and usage of words. (It is better communication to use a simple word correctly than to use a more "impressive" word incorrectly.)

 

For each Part 2 topic, you should then move on to the Part 3 that is connected to that topic. (Of course, these Part 3 questions are not the ones that are connected to Part 2 topics labeled, Probably no longer used.If a Part 2 topic is no longer being used, the Part 3 that is connected to that Part 2 is also no longer being used.)

 

You will see that there are many, many questions for each Part 3! How can you manage so much information? My suggestion is this: When you first go to a Part 3 section that is connected to a Part 2 topic, first simply read (as fast as you can) all the questions to the end of that Part 3, without even trying to imagine your answers. Concentrate on just understanding the meaning of the questions, on finding the meaning of any new words in the questions and just trying to get a feeling for the different topics and different "pieces of discussion" that are possible for that particular Part 3. Even if you don't think about any answers to the questions, this activity will help you a lot. In fact, your brain will subconsciously (下意识地) think of some answers, simply by reading the questions.

 

Then, after you have read all the Part 3 questions in that group, go back and think more about an answer for all FQx2 questions. Do the same for the FQ questions but if there is a large number of FQ questions, then just choose a few of them. These FQ and especially the FQx2 questions are the most frequent questions for that topic but, for some topics, I have labeled many questions as FQ. You don't have time to think of an answer for all of them if there are many FQ questions for that topic, so just choose some of them.

You should also read any and all notes that I have written for some Part 3 questions. These notes can sometimes help you avoid serious English mistakes and they can sometimes give you ideas for answering those questions.

 

Overall: You don't have time to prepare detailed answers that you can learn before the test. Nor do you have time to increase your knowledge of English in any large way. There are 45 (or 46) Part 2 topics and you might get any one of them. With 3 days or less before your test, you will be working quite hard just to do what I have suggested.

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b) If You Have 4 to 14 days Before Your Test

If you are in this situation, you are similar to the people who have less than 4 days before their tests but you can do things a bit more thoroughly than those people. However, your situation is still similar to doing "a crash course" (速成课程)because of the large number of possible topics and questions.

 

You should do what I suggest for the people who have less than 4 days left but, in addition and depending on how much time you have, also:

  • Spend at least some time studying and practicing the material in the "Yes/No Questions" pages on this website.

  • Spend some time at least quickly reading the pages on Language Functions

  • Spend some time at least quickly reading the pages on Complex Sentences, and

  • Spend some time at least quickly reading the pages on Cohesive Discourse Markers

  • If you think you have time, you should do more than "at least quickly reading" those three pages but don't spend so much time on those pages that you don't have enough time to at least quickly read every possible, current Part 3 question that is on this website.

When you read the Part 1 questions, you can spend a bit more time than the "3 day" people on speaking out your answers to the questions and preparing some answers. (But, I repeat, be careful about 100% memorizing an answer.)

 

When you read the Part 2 topics, you should try to do more than 3 or 4 of the topics as if you had just been given the topic in the real test. You probably should aim to do about 10 Part 2 topics this way.

 

When you read the Part 3 topics, you should do the same as for the "3 day" people but try to think about all the FQ questions and any other questions that you think are very important or very likely in the test if you get that topic. Pay particular attention to any questions that ask you to talk about the importance of something and any questions that are connected to problems associated with that topic.

 

As with the "3 day" people, you don't have a lot of time to make great improvements to your English or to prepare any answers in great detail. The most important thing for you to do is simply to familiarize yourself with all the current, possible questions.

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c) If You have 2 to 5 weeks Before Your Test

If you are in this situation, you should be able to:

  • make a few improvements to your "real" or, overall English-speaking ability and,

  •  more thoroughly prepare for the known questions than people who have less time to prepare than you.

I suggest you read what I wrote for the two groups above and read all the pages on this website that I recommend for them. But, (depending on how close you are to 5 weeks away from your test, rather than 2 weeks), you should do more than "at least quickly reading" those pages. Instead of just reading them quickly, you should more thoroughly study those pages and you should try to really make some improvements to your English-speaking ability by studying those pages.

 

As well as those pages on this website, I suggest you:

In addition to all that, I strongly suggest you spend at least a few hours using 'Side by Side', especially the last 3 chapters of Book 1, which deal with the past tense, and certain chapters in Books 2, 3 and 4 that you feel give you good practice in areas of English grammar that are a bit difficult for you. Even if you just spend a total of 5 or 10 hours using 'Side by Side' (with the recordings), you will be amazed at the improvements to your speaking ability, that is, your ability to speak grammatically correct sentences.

If you can find a language partner, I suggest you meet at least twice for about 2 hours each time, and practice asking each other some of the known Speaking test questions.

 

Depending on how good your 'real' or overall, general English-speaking ability is, you should plan to spend between 10% and 25% of your Speaking test preparation time on improving your overall speaking skills and 75% to 90% of your time on studying and preparing for the known questions in the test. (The weaker your overall English, the more you should spend time on that rather than studying and preparing for the known questions. This is because, if your English is very weak, knowing the questions and preparing answers won't help you so much.)

 

When you read the Part 1 questions, you will have more time that the "3 day" and the "14 day" people to speak out your imagined answers and to prepare your answers in more detail. Just be careful of "over-preparing" some answers. Some candidates in the test actually speak better when they have no previous knowledge of what questions are in the test. That is, they speak better than if they had prepared an answer beforehand for a known question.

 

For Part 2, you should aim to do at least 20 of the Part 2 topics as if you had just been given them in the real test. The first time you see those Part 2 topics, speak an answer to them. After you have spoken your first attempted answer, then you can spend more time preparing a better answer. (See How to Study for Part 2 for more on this.)

 

For the Part 3 questions, your strategy should be the same as for the the "3 day" and the "14 day" people but you have time to prepare more detailed answers than those people and to prepare answers to more of the questions than those people. Depending on how close you are to 5 weeks from the test (instead of 2 weeks from the test), you also might have enough time to read articles on the internet that are related to some Part 3 topics. A few suggested websites on topics related to Part 3 topics can be found on this page.

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  Continued on-->Page 2

 

 

www. ielts-yasi.englishlab.net  

本网站学习指南(第 1 页)

(在开始了解下方内容之前,你应该先阅读本网站简介页面。)

对于本网站的使用方法要根据你距离考试所剩的时间而定。在本页面中,我会对于下方几种情况提出对于本网站的使用建议:

a) 如果你距离考试仅剩下不到 3 天时间

b) 如果你距离考试还有 4 14 天时间

c) 如果你距离考试还有 2 5 周时间

d) 如果你距离考试还有 5 12 周时间,以及

e) 如果你距离考试还有多于 3 个月的时间

无论属于上面的那一类,每个人都应该知道雅思考试什么时候会推出新的话题。如果从现在起至你的考试期间会出现下列三个日期之一,那么考试当中 25% 30% 的问题会被更换:1 1 5 1 9 1 。如果你正好处于自己所参加考试的口语题目会变化的情况,请阅读此页: 我应该准备哪些话题?以及此页:如果目前的第 1 部分问题不适合你

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a) 如果你距离考试仅剩下不到 3 天时间

首先,如果你是本网站的新访客而且不怎么了解口语考试,那么应该先参阅口语考试概述评分标准如何在第 1 部分中讲话如何对第 2 部分进行学习如何在第 2 部分中讲话以及如何在第 3 部分中讲话。对于许多人而言,了解这些页面中的信息比查看考试中现前正在使用的实际问题更具价值。但是你仍然不该在这些页面中花费太多的时间;只需要快速了解其中的一些思路、或者甚至用 Google 翻译来迅速提取这些网页的大意即可。也许你总共只需要花一两个小时来了解这些网页中的意思就行了,如果你明天就要参加考试,那么在这些内容上面花的时间甚至可以更少!如果你真的明天就要去考试,则应该用 Google 翻译功能快速浏览这些页面的大意即可。

你的大部分时间应该花在阅读目前的第 1 部分问题目前的第 2/3 部分话题中所列出的问题上面。你应该花大约 40% 的备考时间在第 1 部分问题上面,而花 60% 的时间在第 2/3 部分上面。有可能会遇到的问题太多了,你只能对里面的一部分问题加以准备。(而且在准备的时候,你不应该 100% 地背诵任何长篇答案。只需要记住关键词、短语和任何短句即可。)

你一定要快速地浏览一下介绍阶段网页,因为即使这并不是口试中的正式部分,但你百分之百会遇到这些介绍性问题,而且考官会通过考生在介绍部分中的谈吐方式对其产生口语能力的初始印象。

当你读到 1 部分问题的时候,只需要考虑一下如果你遇到了每个问题会怎么回答。有时候可以对某一个问题进行作答,但是你甚至没有时间对每个问题进行回答练习;只需要快速地思考一下就可以了。

但是,你应该把更多精力放在工作/学习的话题上面,因为会有 50% 的几率遇到这个话题。在碰到这些问题时,你应该说出自己所考虑的答案。除此之外,你只需要快速地浏览下列的网页:你的工作或学习、以及你的工作你的学习(选择适合你的一项)。

与工作/学习的话题相似,你还有 50% 的几率会遇到你的家乡或你的家(你的住处)的话题。因此,你需要在这两个话题上花费与在工作/学习话题上面相同的总时间。

除了这三个话题以外,你还会遇到在第 1 部分页面中所列出的另外一个话题。

在阅读 2 部分话题时,我强烈建议你对其中的 34 个话题进行作答,就像是你在参加实际考试一样。换句话说,当你第一次看到这 34 个话题的时候,应该花 1 分钟(不能超过 1 分钟)时间考虑自己要说什么,然后在 1 2 分钟的时间内作答,而且最好进行录音。这项经验非常宝贵,因为它可以告诉你在实际考试中进行第 2 部分的情况。

然而,你没有时间对许多第 2 部分话题都做这项练习。对于大多数话题而言,你只需要读一读内容,看看我写下的注释(如果我对这个话题写下了注释的话),然后想一想你的答案。你没时间对很多话题列出可用的词汇表,但是如果你确实使用词典查找想用的词汇的话,在遇到全新的词汇时一定要格外小心。无论是发音或对于单词的使用都要做到正确。(正确地使用简单词汇比不正确地使用更高档的词汇而言,能够起到更好的沟通效果。)

对于每个第 2 部分话题而言,你应该在稍后继续进行与该话题相关的 3 部分问题。(当然,这些第 3 部分问题不是标明与第 2 部分话题相关的问题,大概已经不再被使用了如果某个第 2 部分问题不再被使用,则与这个话题相关的第 3 部分问题也不再被使用了。)

你可以看到,每个第 3 部分中都有非常非常多的问题!如何才能够管理这么多信息呢?我的建议如下:当你首次了解与某个第 2 部分话题相关的第 3 部分问题时,首先只需先浏览一下所有问题(越快越好),不需要考虑自己如何作答。你只需要专注于理解问题的意思、找到问题中的任何生词或者体会某个第 3 部分中的可能出现的不同话题和不同讨论内容的感觉即可。即使你不去考虑问题的答案,这项练习也会对你有很大帮助。事实上,只需要通过阅读这些问题,你的头脑就会下意识地思考出一部分答案。

然后,当你读完这一组中的所有第 3 部分问题之后,需要回顾这些问题并对于所有标记了 FQx2 的问题想出作答方式。对于标记了 FQ 的问题也要这样做,但是如果 FQ 问题的数量很大,只需要选择其中一部分就可以了。这些标有 FQ、特别是 FQx2 的问题是在该话题中最经常被提到的问题,但是我把某些话题中的许多问题都标记了 FQ 符号。如果某个话题的 FQ 问题过多,你没有时间对它们都进行作答的考虑,所以只需选择其中一部分即可。

我对某些第 3 部分问题写了注释,你应该对这些内容认真阅读。这些注释有时候可以帮助你避免严重的英语错误,而且有时候还能为你提供回答这些问题的思路。

总体而言:在考试之前,你没有时间准备可以学习的详细答案,也没有时间来显著地提升英语方面的知识。考试共有 45 (或 46 个)第 2 部分话题,而且你可能会遇到其中的任何一个。在考前不到 3 天的时候,光是进行我所建议的复习内容就已经够你忙了。

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b) 如果你距离考试还有 4 14 天时间

如果你处在这种状况下,则和只剩下不到 4 天时间的考生的情况差不多,但是你可以在复习中把准备做得更加彻底一点。然而,你所处的情况仍然和参加速成课程差不多,因为可能遇到的话题和问题量非常大。.

你应该进行我对于只剩不到 4 天时间的人所提的建议,但是,根据你的剩余时间,你还要:

  • 至少花一些时间学习和练习本网站/否问题页面中的资料。

  • 至少花一些时间快速地浏览语言功能页面上的内容。

  • 至少花一些时间快速地浏览复合句页面的内容,并且

  • 至少花一些时间快速地浏览连接性话语标记语页面的内容

  • 如果你觉得自己还有时间,应该在至少花一些时间快速地浏览的三个页面内容上下点功夫,但是不要花费太多时间,以便给自己留出充足的时间来快速浏览一下本网站上的每个可能的第 3 部分问题。

当你阅读 1 部分问题的时候,你可以比只剩 3 天备考时间的人多花一点时间来说出自己的答案并对某些作答加以准备。(但是,我重申,对于完全背诵的答案一定要十分小心。)

当你阅读 2 部分问题的时候,应该完全模拟在实际考试中第一次见到考题一样的情况,并且按照这种要求尽量做 34 个以上的话题练习。你大体上应该以这种方式进行 10 个左右的第 2 部分话题练习。

当你阅读 3 部分问题的时候,应该遵从和只剩 3 天就要考试的人一样的练习方式,但是尽量对全部 FQ 问题以及你认为十分重要或是很可能在考试中会遇到的问题都加以思考。对于让你谈一谈某事的重要性以及任何与该话题相关的问题,都需要格外注意。.

对于只剩下 3 天复习时间的人而言,你没时间来大幅提升自己的英语水平或是对任何问题进行详尽的准备。对你而言,最重要的事情就是对于现在全部正在使用的可能问题加以熟悉

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c) 如果你距离考试还有 2 5 周时间

如果你处在这种情况下,应该能够:

  • 对你的实际或整体英语口语能力进行小幅提高,并且

  • 与备考时间更少的人而言,你应该更加系统地对已知问题加以准备。

我建议你对于我针对上面两组所写的内容认真阅读,并了解一下我对于这些人所推荐的本网站中的全部适用页面。但是,(根据你距离考试的时间有多长而定,时间越长则准备越充分)你在这些页面中应该稍微多花一点时间,而不要快速浏览一遍就算完成了。你应该更彻底地研究一下这些页面中的内容,并通过学习这些内容来尽量真正地提升自己的英语口语能力。

除了本网站中的这些页面之外,我建议你:

除此之外,我强烈建议你至少花几个小时来使用《朗文国际英语教程》(Side by Side)进行练习,尤其是第 1 册的最后 3 课(里面着重解决了过去时态的问题)、第 234 册的某些章节,使你感觉有一点难度但又能在英语语法的某些方面提供良好的练习。即便你只花了 5 10 个小时来练习《朗文国际英语教程》(Side by Side)当中的内容(配合录音使用),也一定会对自己的口语水平进步感到惊讶,这意味着你能够说出语法正确的句子了。.

如果你能找到一个练习英语的搭档,我建议你们每次会面时间至少为 2 个小时,而且互相提问并练习回答一部分已知的口语问题。

根据你的实际或整体英语水平,你应该计划花 10% 25% 的口语考试准备时间来提升你的整体口语技能,并花学习时间的 75% 90% 来学习并准备考试中的已知问题。(你的整体英语能力越弱,在这方面花费的时间比重就应该越大,而在对于已知问题进行研究和准备方面所花费的实际就要少一些。这是因为,如果你的英语水平很弱,仅仅知道问题是什么并进行答案准备对你没有多大的帮助。)

当你阅读 1 部分问题的时候,与只剩下 3 天和 14 天备考时间的人相比,你会有更多的时间来考虑答案并更加详细地对作答加以准备。一定要小心,不要对某些问题准备过度。有点考生在事先不知道问题是什么的情况下,反而能在考试中发挥得更好。这即是说,他们即席作答的效果反而更出色。

对于 2 部分而言,你应该尽量做 20 个第 2 部分的话题练习,并模仿实际考试的情况,如同自己是第一次见到这个话题一样。当你第一次看到这些第 2 部分话题时,要开口加以作答。当你已经进行了第一次的作答尝试时,然后就可以话更多时间来准备一个更好的答案。(参见如何对第 2 部分进行学习,了解详情。)

对于 3 部分而言,你的策略应该和只剩 3 天或 14 天备考时间的人一样,但是与他们相比,你还有时间来准备更详尽的答案、以及对更多的问题进行准备。根据你距离考试的时间长短(2 5 周,依长短而定),你可能还有足够的时间来阅读网上的文章,了解与某些第 3 部分话题相关的内容。请参阅此页面,了解与第 3 部分话题相关的推荐网站。

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