Chinese Translation of STUDY GUIDE TO THIS WEBSITE Page 2

Translated by Nina Ni (ciervo@139.com)

 

www. ielts-yasi.englishlab.net

Study Guide to This Website (Page 2)

(You should have read the "Introduction to this Website" page before you read what is written below.)

How you use this website depends on how much time you have before your test. On this page, I have written suggestions for using this website for the following situations:

a) If You Have Three Days or Less Before your Test,

b) If You Have 4 to 14 days Before Your Test,

c) If You have 2 to 5 weeks Before Your Test,

d) If You have 5 to 12 weeks Before Your Test and,

e) If you have more than 3 months before your test.

Everybody, no matter which of the above groups they belong to, should be aware of when new topics are introduced into the test. If, between now and your test, you pass through one of the following three dates, then between 25% and 30% of the test questions will change: January 1, May 1, September 1. If you are in the situation where the test will change between now and your test, read this page, What Topics Should I Prepare For? and this page, If the Current Part 1 Questions are not for You.

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d) If You have 5 to 12 weeks Before Your Test

If you have 5 to 12 weeks before your test, you definitely have enough time to make some significant improvements to your 'real' or overall English-speaking ability. You also have enough time to more thoroughly prepare for the known test questions than some other people. However, even 12 weeks will pass quickly.

Before you do anything else, you should check to see if your planned test date is after the next topic change time. If it is, you need to adjust which topics you prepare for. (See here.) But there's a small problem even though you can predict most of the Part 2/3 topics that will be retired at the change time (and also most of the Part 1 topics that will be retired but this is less clear than for Part 2/3), ... even though you can predict these things, there is still the possibility that 1, 2 or 3 of the Part 2/3 topics that are due for retirement will continue in the test. This happens quite often. All I can suggest is that you spend a lot less time on the topics that are due for retirement but don't completely omit them from your preparation because one of those topics might stay in the test and be the topic that you get in your test.

If you have not yet booked a test date for yourself, I suggest you try, as much as possible, to avoid doing the test in the months of January, May or September.

[Since 25% to 30% of the test questions are new at the first test of those months, people on the internet such as me who collect information about the test questions will have limited information about the questions, even after 3 tests (the average number of tests in each month). Therefore, you will be giving yourself a disadvantage by doing the test in those months because there will be less information on the internet about the questions and topics being used than if you do the test about 3 tests before the question change time. About 3 tests before the change time is safer than one test before the change time, (i.e., the last test before the change time), because sometimes some of the new questions are introduced a little earlier than the usual change date.]

With 5 to 12 weeks before your test, you should pay more attention to the ideas that I expressed in the page on how to learn to speak English, although that page was written for an even longer time frame than 12 weeks. Of those ideas, using 'Side by Side', practicing communication with a speaking partner, mimicking recordings of English speakers and wide reading of easy English are all suitable for you. But your time is still rather tight so I suggest you mostly restrict your reading to common or frequently used IELTS topics, starting at this page. For communication with a speaking partner, I also suggest that you restrict it to mostly asking each other known IELTS questions and discussing known Part 3 questions.

But those suggestions are not really part of this website, which is the reason for this study guide. Basically, you should read what I wrote for the people who have 2 to 5 weeks before their tests and do the same, except do it even more thoroughly than they have time for.

Depending on how good your overall English speaking ability is now, I suggest you spend between 15% and 30% of your Speaking test preparation time on improving your overall speaking skills and 70% to 85% of your time on studying and preparing for the known questions in the test. You also have a bit more time to explore the old Part 3 topics that are similar to the ones in use now and to explore the previously used Part 1 questions, but reading these is not a high priority.

For the Part 2 topics on this website, I suggest you try to speak an answer to all (or almost all) of them the first time you see them, and then, after doing that, spend more time preparing better answers.

For the Part 3, you should do as I recommended for the people who have 2 to 5 weeks before their tests but you should think about answers to many more of the Part 3 questions than the "5 week" people. You should also try to spend more time than those people reading, (on the internet or in books and magazines), about the Part 3 questions and topics in order to build up your vocabulary and your ideas.

As for pages to study on this website, you should have a try at doing a little test to see how well you recognize the correct intonation (stress pattern) to use. Then, follow on from the answer page of that test to Word Combination Lists. I don't recommend you spend a great deal of time reading, speaking and mimicking the recordings on those lists, especially if the topic seems too hard or too boring for you. This is just one aspect of pronunciation, out of many aspects. Nevertheless, I do think it will greatly add to your understanding of spoken English if you at least can understand the ideas that are behind this topic.

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e) If you have more than 3 months before your test

Your situation is suitable for carrying out all or most of the suggestions in the page, How to learn to speak English. I suggest you spend, no less than 40% of your speaking test preparation time on improving your overall speaking skills and no more than 60% of your time specifically studying and preparing for the known test questions on this website. Since you have quite a lot of time, I suggest you try to think of answers to all, (or almost all) Part 3 questions on this website that will be possible in your test.

Read what I wrote for people who have 5 to 12 weeks before their tests and do the same except for the following:

  • You and your speaking partners should converse more broadly than just talking about IELTS questions but you should still include IELTS questions in your conversation time;

  • You should do more "easy" English reading and listening than the "12 week" people;

  • You should do more mimicking of recordings than the "12 week" people;

  • You should spend more time than the "12 week" people exploring the resources on the internet for improving your English, starting with some of the websites I recommend on the page called Studying English on the Internet;

  • You should explore more of the old Part 2/3 topics and the old Part 1 questions than the "12 week" people; and,

  • You should spend a bit more time on the Word Combination Lists than the "12 week people", especially if you find it interesting and you feel you are really learning something. 

 

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www. ielts-yasi.englishlab.net  

 

本网站学习指南(第 2 页)

 

(在开始了解下方内容之前,你应该先阅读本网站简介页面。)

对于本网站的使用方法要根据你距离考试所剩的时间而定。在本页面中,我会对于下方几种情况提出对于本网站的使用建议:

a) 如果你距离考试仅剩下不到 3 天时间

b) 如果你距离考试还有 4 14 天时间

c) 如果你距离考试还有 2 5 周时间

d) 如果你距离考试还有 5 12 周时间,以及

e) 如果你距离考试还有多于 3 个月的时间

 

无论属于上面的那一类,每个人都应该知道雅思考试什么时候会推出新的话题。如果从现在起至你的考试期间会出现下列三个日期之一,那么考试当中 25% 30% 的问题会被更换:1 1 5 1 9 1 。如果你正好处于自己所参加考试的口语题目会变化的情况,请阅读此页: 我应该准备哪些话题?以及此页:如果目前的第 1 部分问题不适合你

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d) 如果你距离考试还有 5 12 周时间

 

如果你距离考试还有 5 12 周时间,那么你绝对还有时间使自己的实际或整体英语口语能力得到大幅提升。此外,你也有足够的时间对已知的考试问题进行更加详细彻底的准备。但是,12 周时间也会很快过去的。

 

在做其它任何事情之前,你应该检查现在至自己所计划的考试时间期间是否会更换话题。如果是这样,你就需要调整自己所准备的话题了(参见此处。)但是却有一个问题即使你可以预测到在换题日当中被废弃不用的大部分 2/3 部分话题,(以及大部分被废弃不用的第 1 部分话题,但是它不会像第 2/3 部分话题那么明显)即便你能够预测到这些内容,但那些预计要在考试中被废弃不用的第 1 部分、第 2/3 部分话题中的 23 部分问题还是有机会被继续使用。这种情况十分普遍。我唯一能给你的建议就是:把在预计将会退役的话题上面所花的时间大幅降低,但是不要在备考时把它们完全忽略掉,因为其中的某一个话题可能仍然在考试中使用,而且你也有可能在考试中遇到它。

 

如果你还没有预订考试日期的话,我建议你尽量避免在一月、五月或九月参加考试。

 

[在这些月份的首次考试中会增加 25% 30% 的新问题,所以即使在 3 次考试(每月考试的平均次数)之后,像我这样的在互联网上收集考试问题的人所获得的信息仍然很有限。因此,在这些月份中参加考试将会使你处于不利的境地,因为与在换题之前大约 3 次考试的时候参加考试相比,互联网上所提供的关于正在使用的问题和话题的信息都会较少。在换题之前大约 3 次的时候参加考试比换题之前 1 次考试的时候(即换题之前的最后一次考试)参加考试要保险一些,因为有时候某些新问题会比常规的换题日期更早一点地进入考试之中。]

 

在你的考试前 5 12 周时,你应该更加关注我在如何开口说英语页面中的意见,尽管这个页面是以比 12 周更长的英语学习时间框架而写的。在这些意见中,你可以采用《朗文国际英语教程》(Side by Side)、与口语搭档进行沟通练习、模仿英语讲话者的录音材料、以及广泛阅读适合你的简单英语资料。但是你的时间仍然相当紧张,所以我建议你把大部分阅读材料限制在一般或经常采用的雅思话题资料上面(从此页面开始)。在和口语搭档进行沟通练习时,我也建议你们在大部分时间中把问题限制在互相提问已知的雅思问题和讨论已知的第 3 部分问题中。

 

但是那些建议实际上都不是这个网站中的内容,而这也即是我编写这份学习指南的原因。基本上,你应该了解我为还有 2 5 周即要参加考试的人所撰写的建议并采取相同的练习,但是要比他们做得更加彻底一些。

 

根据你目前的整体英语口语能力,我建议你花 15% 30% 的口语考试准备时间来提高整体口语技能,而花 70% 85% 的时间来学习并准备考试的已知问题。你还有一点点时间来了解与当前采用话题相似的旧的第 3 部分话题和以前采用的第 1 部分问题,但是了解这些内容并不是至关紧要的。

 

对于本网站中的 2 部分话题,我建议你在首次见到这些话题的时候尽量对所有(或者几乎所有)话题作答,然后再花一些时间来准备更好的答案。

 

对于 3 部分而言,你应该按照我对于还剩 2 5 周考试时间的考生所提的建议加以练习,但是你还应该对多得多的第 3 部分问题的作答加以思考。此外,还应该尽量花更多的时间来阅读(互联网、书籍或杂志上面)关于第 3 部分问题和话题的内容,从而扩充你的词汇和思路。

 

若想对本网站的网页内容进行学习,你需要尝试进行小测试来了解你对于正确的语音语调(重音模式)并加以使用的水平如何。然后,遵循该测试的答案页面前往词汇组合列表。我并不建议你花费大量时间来对这些列表中的内容进行阅读、口语练习和模仿录音资料,如果话题对你而言太难或是太无聊的话尤其如此。这只是发音的一个部分而已,此外还有许多需要学习的方面。然而,我的确认为如果你能够至少理解这个话题背后的意思的话,那么它能够大大增强你对英语口语的理解。

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e) 如果你距离考试还有多于 3 个月的时间

 

你的状况适合采取如何学习开口说英语页面中的全部或大部分建议进行练习。我建议你花费不少于 40% 的口语考试准备时间来提升整体口语技能,而花费不超过 60% 的时间对本网站中的已知考试问题进行专门的学习和准备。由于你的时间比较充裕,建议你了解一下本网站中所提供的可能在你的口语考试中会遇到的问题,并尽量对全部(或几乎全部)第 3 部分问题的作答加以思考。

 

阅读我为距离考试还有 5 12 周时间的人所写的内容并采用相同的练习方法,此外还要注意下列不同之处:

 

  • 你和你的口语搭档应当进行更加广泛的交谈,而不仅仅局限于雅思的问题上面,但是你仍然应该在对话时间中涵盖雅思问题;

  • 与还剩 12 周备考时间的人相比,你应该做更多的较简单的英语阅读和听力练习;

  • 与还剩 12 周备考时间的人相比,你应该做更多的跟着录音模仿的练习;

  • 与还剩 12 周备考时间的人相比,你应该花更多的时间搜索网上资源来提高你的英语水平,可以从我推荐的在互联网上学习英语页面中的一些网站上开始;

  • 与还剩 12 周备考时间的人相比,你应该了解更多的旧的第 2/3 部分话题和旧的第 1 部分问题;以及

  • 与还剩 12 周备考时间的人相比,你应该在词汇组合列表上面多花一点时间,尤其是当你发现这方面内容很有趣的时候,这能真正使你学到一些东西。

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